The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the
livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment
in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled
manual work. Because of the scale of the scheme, there are issues in implementation
such as quality of Labour Budget planning, duplication of works and time lag in
monitoring of works. In order to address these issues, Gujarat has developed an
'Integrated Geo-spatial ICT solution for planning and monitoring of MGNREGS works
in the state. The solution integrates Geographical Information System, Remote Sensing,
Global Positioning System and Mobile Technology. Details of assets created under
MGNREGS are available in Public Domain through MGNREGAsoft with survey numbers &
GPS Co-ordinates. Specifically, Web-GIS which is developed under the solution, facilitates
distance measurement, zoom-in and zoom-out functionality and mosaic view of the
maps. Query based infrastructure of Web-GIS helps to analyse the spatial data and
functions as decision support system for State, District and Block level technical
and administrative officials. The Integrated solution has been implemented in all
14111 Gram Panchayats of Gujarat and has
- Encouraged active community participation to plan works, create durable
assets & monitor real time Labour Budget progress at micro level.
- Promoted technically appropriate site-selection thus maximizing returns
on MGNREGS investments.
- Ensured quality of works through regular & focused monitoring - Prevented
duplication of works by tracking and validating the assets created using Survey
numbers as well as GPS co-ordinates.
- Increased transparency & accountability, generating trust in rural population.
- Created a useful tool to support mandatory Social Audit exercise.
- Provided a Management Tool for supervision & monitoring of field personal.
The benefit of the solution is that it has been developed on an open source platform,
is low cost, uses cell phone technology & has been fully integrated with the national
MIS software MGNREGAsoft. As such it can be scaled up and utilized at national level
without much difficulty.