Geo-Spatial ICT Solution

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), auxiliary objectives are strengthening natural resource management through works that address causes of chronic poverty like drought, deforestation and soil erosion and to encourage sustainable development. The process outcomes include strengthening grassroot processes of democracy and infusing transparency and accountability in governance (NREGA, Operational Guidelines, 2008).

                                             

Considering the massive budgetary allocation and expenditure, transparency gains the highest importance. In order to ensure transparency in planning, a platform to plan and monitor the whole process was felt as essential. The Government of Gujarat identified the need for a pragmatic solution covering the following areas:

            1. Effective and Scientific Planning of works
            2. Micro level and Real Time review of MGNREGS Labor Budget
            3. Effective manpower management relevant to the implementation of the MGNREGS
            4. Validation of the assets created in the villages

To address the above needs, user-friendly mobile based Geo-ICT applications were developed.

Potential areas of the Initiatives
Planning

  • Developmental planning with the support of scientific inputs
  • Integration of historical database of different programmes/ Departments.
  • Relational Geo-assets created for MGNREGS. Existing natural resources & water resources and beneficiaries requirements are superimposed in the relational asset maps
  • Decision making by equitable rural community participation through the use of Geo-dataset

Monitoring:

  • Scientific monitoring of MGNREGS with the support of cost effective mobile based Geo-ICT solution.
  • Synchronisation with the existing system ensures transition of database from paper to electronic.
  • Appropriate and optimum human resource management.

Motivator(s) for the project initiative :

  • Transparency in Planning and execution.
  • Real time monitoring of works.
  • Validation of assets
  • Usage of technology in rural remote areas.

Objectives of the initiative:

  • Collection, collation, storage and processing of natural resources data through GIS maps are used for the preparation of annual Labour Budget of MGNREGS by participatory decision making at Gram Sabha in all villages.
  • Capture existing assets with their location; ensure real time maintenance of the MGNREGS asset inventory.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation of MGNREGS activities by the integrated use of various technologies viz. GIS, MIS, GPS and GPRS enabled Mobile application.

Commencement of the initiative:

The project has been fully operationalised. Integrated Geo-Spatial solution for scientific planning of MGNREGS Labour Budget at Gram Panchayat level was operationalised from August 2010; and Monitoring solution using GIS and mobile platform from December-January 2011. Strategies adopted : Satellite Images obtained from National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) with 1:10,000 to 1:5,000 variable scale are used as a base maps for the geo-spatial database creation. Other departmental geo-data sets (spatial & non-spatial data) generated over the years were also collected and superimposed on the Baseline map to create composite village map. Revenue Department data & LISS IV Satellite images were used to digitize the village local boundaries. Recently the village local boundary had been revised with 2011 village census codes. Locations of ongoing works of rural natural resource development had also been captured to maintain digital Geo-asset inventory on a real time basis. By overlaying these layers, composite map was generated for every village in Gujarat state.

Strategies adopted:

Satellite Images obtained from National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) with 1:10,000 to 1:5,000 variable scale are used as a base maps for the geo-spatial database creation. Other departmental geo-data sets (spatial & non-spatial data) generated over the years were also collected and superimposed on the Baseline map to create composite village map. Revenue Department data & LISS IV Satellite images were used to digitize the village local boundaries. Recently the village local boundary had been revised with 2011 village census codes. Locations of ongoing works of rural natural resource development had also been captured to maintain digital Geo-asset inventory on a real time basis. By overlaying these layers, composite map was generated for every village in Gujarat state.


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